List of Internet top-level domains

The following is a list of Internet top-level domains. The top-level domain article provides the background information.

The official list of all top-level domains is maintained by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA).

Generic top-level domains

gTLD Entity Notes
.aero air-transport industry Must verify eligibility for registration; only those in various categories of air-travel-related entities may register.
.asia Asia-Pacific region This is a TLD for companies, organizations, and individuals based in the region of Asia, Australia, and the Pacific.
.biz business This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register; however, registrations may be challenged later if they are not by commercial entities in accordance with the domain’s charter.
.cat Catalan This is a TLD for Web sites in the Catalan language or related to Catalan culture.
.com commercial This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register.
.coop cooperatives The .coop TLD is limited to cooperatives as defined by the Rochdale Principles.
.edu educational The .edu TLD is limited to accredited postsecondary institutions (nearly all 2 and 4-year colleges and universities in the U.S. and increasingly overseas, e.g., Australia and China).
.gov governmental The .gov TLD is limited to governmental entities and agencies in the United States.
.info information This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register.
.int international organizations The .int TLD is strictly limited to organizations, offices, and programs which are endorsed by a treaty between two or more nations.
.jobs companies The .jobs TLD is designed to be added after the names of established companies with jobs to advertise. At this time, owners of a “company.jobs” domain are not permitted to post jobs of third party employers.
.mil U.S. military The .mil TLD is limited to use by the U.S. military.
.mobi mobile devices Must be used for mobile-compatible sites in accordance with standards.
.museum museums Must be verified as a legitimate museum.
.name individuals, by name This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register; however, registrations may be challenged later if they are not by individuals (or the owners of fictional characters) in accordance with the domain’s charter.
.net network This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register.
.org organization This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register.
.pro professions Currently, .pro is reserved for licensed or certified lawyers, accountants, physicians and engineers in France, Canada, UK and the U.S. A professional seeking to register a .pro domain must provide their registrar with the appropriate credentials.
.tel Internet communication services
.travel travel and tourism industry related sites Must be verified as a legitimate travel-related entity.

Country code top-level domains

ASCII ccTLDs

ccTLD Country/dependency/region Explanation of the code
in cases it has no relation to the English name of the country
Notes
.ac Ascension Island
.ad Andorra
.ae United Arab Emirates
.af Afghanistan
.ag Antigua and Barbuda
.ai Anguilla
.al Albania
.am Armenia
.an Netherlands Antilles Local presence required
.ao Angola
.aq Antarctica Antarctique Defined by the Antarctic Treaty as everything south of latitude 60°S.
.ar Argentina
.as American Samoa
.at Austria
.au Australia Includes Ashmore and Cartier Islands and Coral Sea Islands.
.aw Aruba
.ax Åland
.az Azerbaijan
.ba Bosnia and Herzegovina
.bb Barbados
.bd Bangladesh
.be Belgium
.bf Burkina Faso
.bg Bulgaria
.bh Bahrain
.bi Burundi
.bj Benin
.bm Bermuda
.bn Brunei Darussalam
.bo Bolivia
.br Brazil
.bs Bahamas
.bt Bhutan
.bv Bouvet Island Not in use (Norwegian dependency; see .no).
.bw Botswana
.by Belarus Byelorussia
.bz Belize
.ca Canada Subject to Canadian Presence Requirements.
.cc Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australian territory: do not confuse with Cocos islands in Guam.)
.cd Democratic Republic of the Congo
.cf Central African Republic
.cg Republic of the Congo
.ch Switzerland Confoederatio Helvetica, Confédération helvétique
.ci Côte d’Ivoire
.ck Cook Islands
.cl Chile Domain registrations require local presence in Chile.
.cm Cameroon A local entity/company in Cameroon is required to register a domain name.
.cn People’s Republic of China Registration allowed worldwide. Hong Kong and Macau also maintain TLDs.
.co Colombia
.cr Costa Rica
.cu Cuba
.cv Cape Verde
.cx Christmas Island
.cy Cyprus
.cz Czech Republic
.de Germany Deutschland
.dj Djibouti
.dk Denmark
.dm Dominica
.do Dominican Republic
.dz Algeria Dzayer
.ec Ecuador
.ee Estonia Eesti Only available for Estonia registered brands and companies.
.eg Egypt
.er Eritrea
.es Spain España
.et Ethiopia
.eu European Union Restricted to institutions (under the .europa.eu subdomain), companies, and individuals in the European Union (or in other overseas or autonomous regions of member countries).
.fi Finland Limited to companies and organizations registered in Finland and Finnish nationals.
.fj Fiji
.fk Falkland Islands
.fm Federated States of Micronesia
.fo Faroe Islands
.fr France Can only be used by organisations or persons with a presence in France
.ga Gabon
.gb United Kingdom Great Britain Seldom used; the primary ccTLD used is .uk for United Kingdom.
.gd Grenada
.ge Georgia
.gf French Guiana
.gg Guernsey
.gh Ghana
.gi Gibraltar
.gl Greenland
.gm The Gambia
.gn Guinea
.gp Guadeloupe Still used for Saint-Barthélemy and Saint-Martin
.gq Equatorial Guinea Guinée Équatoriale
.gr Greece
.gs South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
.gt Guatemala
.gu Guam
.gw Guinea-Bissau
.gy Guyana
.hk Hong Kong Special administrative region of the People’s Republic of China.
.hm Heard Island and McDonald Islands
.hn Honduras
.hr Croatia Hrvatska
.ht Haiti
.hu Hungary
.id Indonesia
.ie Republic of Ireland Éire Only available for Ireland registered brands and companies. Foreign companies can register if doing business in Ireland or provide TM.[clarification needed] Since 2007 personal names are allowed to be registered subject to guidelines.
.il Israel
.im Isle of Man
.in India Under INRegistry since April 2005 (except: gov.in, mil.in, ac.in, edu.in, res.in).
.io British Indian Ocean Territory
.iq Iraq
.ir Iran
.is Iceland Ísland
.it Italy Restricted to companies and individuals in the European Union.
.je Jersey
.jm Jamaica
.jo Jordan
.jp Japan
.ke Kenya
.kg Kyrgyzstan
.kh Cambodia Khmer, former Kâmpŭchea
.ki Kiribati
.km Comoros
.kn Saint Kitts and Nevis
.kp Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
.kr Republic of Korea
.kw Kuwait
.ky Cayman Islands
.kz Kazakhstan
.la Laos (Currently being marketed as the unofficial domain for Los Angeles[citation needed])
.lb Lebanon Restricted to registration with a company in Lebanon
.lc Saint Lucia
.li Liechtenstein
.lk Sri Lanka
.lr Liberia
.ls Lesotho
.lt Lithuania
.lu Luxembourg
.lv Latvia
.ly Libya
.ma Morocco al-Maġrib
.mc Monaco
.md Moldova
.me Montenegro
.mg Madagascar
.mh Marshall Islands
.mk Republic of Macedonia Makedonija
.ml Mali
.mm Myanmar
.mn Mongolia Some second-level domains are reserved for special use .mn[clarification needed]
.mo Macau Special administrative region of the People’s Republic of China.
.mp Northern Mariana Islands
.mq Martinique
.mr Mauritania
.ms Montserrat
.mt Malta
.mu Mauritius
.mv Maldives
.mw Malawi
.mx Mexico
.my Malaysia Restricted to registration by a company in Malaysia
.mz Mozambique
.na Namibia
.nc New Caledonia
.ne Niger
.nf Norfolk Island
.ng Nigeria
.ni Nicaragua
.nl Netherlands First official country TLD that was assigned to a country.
.no Norway Restricted to registration by a company in Norway
.np Nepal
.nr Nauru
.nu Niue Commonly used by Danish, Dutch and Swedish websites, because in those languages “nu” means “now”.
.nz New Zealand
.om Oman
.pa Panama
.pe Peru
.pf French Polynesia Polynésie française With Clipperton Island
.pg Papua New Guinea
.ph Philippines
.pk Pakistan
.pl Poland
.pm Saint-Pierre and Miquelon
.pn Pitcairn Islands
.pr Puerto Rico
.ps Palestinian territories West Bank and Gaza Strip.
.pt Portugal
.pw Palau
.py Paraguay
.qa Qatar
.re Réunion
.ro Romania
.rs Serbia Republika Srbija
.ru Russia (See also .su, still in use.)
.rw Rwanda
.sa Saudi Arabia
.sb Solomon Islands
.sc Seychelles
.sd Sudan
.se Sweden
.sg Singapore
.sh Saint Helena
.si Slovenia
.sj Svalbard and  Jan Mayen Islands Not in use (Norwegian dependencies; see .no).
.sk Slovakia
.sl Sierra Leone
.sm San Marino
.sn Senegal
.so Somalia No administrative body, reserved until a government is in place
.sr Suriname
.st São Tomé and Príncipe
.su former  Soviet Union Still in use.
.sv El Salvador
.sy Syria
.sz Swaziland
.tc Turks and Caicos Islands
.td Chad Tchad
.tf French Southern and Antarctic Lands Seldom used.
.tg Togo
.th Thailand
.tj Tajikistan
.tk Tokelau Also used as a free domain service to the public.
.tl East Timor Timor-Leste Old code .tp is still in use.
.tm Turkmenistan
.tn Tunisia
.to Tonga Often used unofficially for Toronto or Tokyo
.tp East Timor ISO code has changed to TL; .tl is now assigned but .tp is still in use.
.tr Turkey
.tt Trinidad and Tobago
.tv Tuvalu Used as an abbreviation of television, the domain is currently operated by dotTV, a VeriSign company; the Tuvalu government owns twenty percent of the company.
.tw Republic of China (Taiwan) Registration allowed worldwide, local presence not required.
.tz Tanzania
.ua Ukraine
.ug Uganda
.uk United Kingdom ISO 3166-1 code is gb, but .uk is used for historical reasons
.us United States of America (Commonly used by U.S. State and local governments instead of .gov TLD.)
.uy Uruguay
.uz Uzbekistan
.va Vatican City
.vc Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
.ve Venezuela
.vg British Virgin Islands
.vi U.S. Virgin Islands
.vn Vietnam
.vu Vanuatu
.wf Wallis and Futuna
.ws Samoa Formerly Western Samoa
.ye Yemen
.yt Mayotte
.za South Africa Zuid-Afrika
.zm Zambia
.zw Zimbabwe

Internationalized country codes

IDN ccTLD Country ASCII form Transliteration Other ccTLD
مصر. Egypt .xn--wgbh1c masr .eg
.рф Russia .xn--p1ai RF (Russian Federation) .ru
السعودية. Saudi Arabia .xn--mgberp4a5d4ar as-sa’ūdiyyah .sa
امارات. United Arab Emirates .xn--mgbaam7a8h emarat .ae

Test TLDs

The first eleven IDNA TLDs were added on October 2007 for the purpose of testing the use of IDNA at the top level, and are going to be live for a limited evaluation period. Each of these TLDs encodes a word meaning “test” in some language.

Each of these domains has only one site with the word example encoded in the respective script and language. These example.test sites are test wikis used by ICANN.

TLD Transliteration IDNA TLD Language Script ICANN’s example.test
إختبار. ạ̹kẖtbạr. .xn--kgbechtv Arabic Perso-Arabic script (see also Arabic alphabet) http://مثال.إختبار/
آزمایشی. ậzmạy̰sẖy. .xn--hgbk6aj7f53bba Persian Perso-Arabic script http://مثال.آزمایشی/
.测试 .cèshì .xn--0zwm56d Chinese Simplified Chinese characters http://例子.测试/
.測試 .cèshì .xn--g6w251d Chinese Traditional Chinese characters http://例子.測試/
.испытание .ispytánije .xn--80akhbyknj4f Russian Cyrillic alphabet http://пример.испытание/
.परीक्षा .parīkṣā .xn--11b5bs3a9aj6g Hindi Devanagari http://उदाहरण.परीक्षा/
.δοκιμή .dokimé .xn--jxalpdlp Greek Greek alphabet http://παράδειγμα.δοκιμή/
.테스트 .teseuteu .xn--9t4b11yi5a Korean Hangul http://실례.테스트/
טעסט. .test .xn--deba0ad Yiddish Hebrew alphabet http://בײַשפּיל.טעסט/
.テスト .tesuto .xn--zckzah Japanese Kanji, Hiragana, Katakana scripts http://例え.テスト/
.பரிட்சை .pariṭcai .xn--hlcj6aya9esc7a Tamil Tamil script http://உதாரணம்.பரிட்சை/

Infrastructure

Infrastructure Entity Notes
.arpa Address and Routing Parameter Area This is an Internet infrastructure TLD.

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